HATHOR
A Reintroduction to an Ancient Egyptian Goddess
By Lesley Jackson


“Hathor was once the most loved and pre-eminent goddess of Egypt. An ancient goddess, ‘Hathor… who descends from the primeval age’ soon held all Egyptians in her loving embrace.  She was one of the most accessible of the deities so it was unsurprising that she was a favourite, Her cult, and encounters with her, were full of music, love and laughter. No stern, demanding deity, she rejoiced in her followers’ happiness and many could say ‘she placed joy in my heart’…” - author Lesley Jackson

Hathor: A Reintroduction to an Ancient Egyptian Goddess is a comprehensive and thought-provoking study of one of the most important Ancient Egyptian deities. Primarily a Cow Goddess. Hathor was multifaceted, and her importance was emphasised through the many titles and roles she held. She was the goddess of the sky, sun, love, sex, dance, music, fertility, precious metals and gemstones, as well as being Protectress of Foreign Lands, Eye Goddess, Goddess of Desire, Lady of Drunkenness, and Lady of Fragrance. Present in all aspects of life, Hathor was a goddess of childbirth, who protected her worshippers during life and offered protection on the journey into the afterlife.
Daughter of the Sun God Ra, she was linked to other cow goddesses, as well as other major deities such as Isis, Bastet and Horus. She was intimately associated with the lioness goddess Sekhmet, who was both an aspect of Hathor and a significant and powerful goddess in her own right.

The Seven Hathors, a seven-fold manifestation of Hathor, predicted the destiny of newborn children and the time and manner of a person's death and were invoked in love spells and protection charms.
This extensive work provides a welcome and much-needed exploration of one of the most influential goddesses of the ancient world. It explores Hathor's different roles and titles, her associations with other deities, alter-egos and assimilations, her temples, worship, festivals and her subsequent decline in popularity towards the end of the Greco-Roman period.

Author Lesley Jackson draws on a wide range of historical sources, including magical papyri, stelae, statues, jewellery, ritual objects and archaeological evidence, employing these to reveal the captivating history and numerous functions of this mesmerizing goddess. In doing so, she succeeds in reintroducing Hathor to us as a sovereign, powerful, beautiful and lovely goddess, she ‘whose ba is powerful’.

Other books by Lesley Jackson include Isis: The Eternal Goddess of Egypt and Rome, Sekhmet and Bastet: The Feline Powers of Egypt, Thoth: The History of the Ancient Egyptian God of Wisdom, and The Cobra Goddess & The Chaos Serpent.

2020, 310 pages. Paperback & Kindle editions available.
ISBN 978-1-910191-22-4
 

Hathor by Lesley Jackson

£17.99Price
  • INTRODUCTION
    NAMES & ICONOGRAPHY
    THE COW GODDESS
    The Forms of Hathor
    Pre-dynastic Goddesses
    The Emergence of the Hathor Cow
    The Celestial Cow
    Other Cow Goddesses
    THE SKY GODDESS
    THE SOLAR GODDESS
    THE TREE GODDESS
    Trees in Egypt
    Sacred Groves and Tree Cults
    OBJECTS ASSOCIATED WITH HATHOR
    The Sistrum
    The Menat
    Mirrors
    Spoons
    Papyrus
    ASPECTS OF HATHOR
    MUSIC & DANCE
    LOVE & SEX
    LADY OF DRUNKENNESS
    The Distant Goddess
    Beer in Egypt
    Wine in Egypt
    Ritual Offerings and Drunkenness
    Offerings to Hathor
    Offerings to the Deceased
    The Festival of Drunkenness
    Secular Drinking
    The Issue of Excess
    FRAGRANCE
    FERTILITY & CHILDBIRTH
    PROTECTING & NURTURING
    Nursing the King
    Provision of Food and Drink
    Healing and Hathor
    Hathor the Protector
    Protector of Ra
    The Battle Against Apophis
    A GEOLOGICAL GODDESS
    Mining in Egypt
    The Desert
    Specific Rocks and Minerals
    GODDESS OF TRADE & FOREIGN LANDS
    Protector of Sailors
    Goddess of Merchants
    Hathor of Byblos
    Hathor in Nubia
    Other Places
    THE AFTERLIFE & REBIRTH
    THE SEVEN HATHORS
    Foretellers of Fate
    Magic
    Afterlife
    Handmaidens
    Conclusion
    SEKHMET (Lion Goddess)
    RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER DEITIES
    Family Relationships
    Horus of Edfu
    Ptah
    Sobek
    Sons
    Horus the Younger
    Other Relationships
    ALTER EGOS & ASSIMILATIONS
    THE WORSHIP OF HATHOR
    The Egyptian Concept of Religion
    Propitiation
    Hathor and Royals
    The Worship of Hathor by Non-royals
    At Amarna
    Hathor the Women’s Goddess
    Hathor’s Help to Mortals
    Encountering Hathor
    Praising Hathor
    Hymns and Prayers
    Offerings
    Hathor Festivals
    Return of the Wandering Goddess or the Distant Goddess
    HATHOR’S TEMPLES
    Those Who Serve Hathor
    Hierarchy
    The Roles of Women
    Hereditary Positions
    Individual Priests and Priestesses
    Temple Rituals
    Temple Offerings
    WHAT HAPPENED TO HATHOR?
    The Decline of Hathor
    Isis
    The Rise of Isis
    Why Did Isis Triumph?
    HATHOR FESTIVALS
    CHRONOLOGY
    PLACE NAMES IN THE TEXT
    SACRED GEOGRAPHY
    BIBLIOGRAPHY
    INDEX
     

  • Lesley Jackson has a lifelong interest in archaeology, ancient history and sacred myth and a fascination with the mysterious geographical, be they lost worlds, otherworlds or the sacred places of this world. She is a devotee of the Egyptian deities and since being blessed with early retirement has devoted much of her time to researching and writing about them.

    Lesley is the author of Thoth: The History of the Ancient Egyptian God of Wisdom, Hathor: A Reintroduction to an Ancient Egyptian Goddess, Isis: The Eternal Goddess of Egypt and Rome, Sekhmet and Bastet: The Feline Powers of Egypt, and The Cobra Goddess & the Chaos Serpent in Ancient Egypt, all published by Avalonia. She has written a number of articles about Egyptian religion, some of which have been published in Pagan Dawn and Nile Magazine.

    Despite the strong call of Egypt she is a Northerner at heart, preferring cooler climes and wooded landscapes. She lives in the East Riding of Yorkshire, close to the lost world of Doggerland. 

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